You must pay Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) if you buy a property or land over a certain price in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The current SDLT threshold is £125,000 for residential properties and £150,000 for non-residential land and properties.
There are different rules if you’re buying your first home. You get a discount (relief) that means you pay less or no tax if:
- you complete your purchase on or after 22 November 2017
- the purchase price is £500,000 or less
- you, and anyone else you’re buying with, are first-time buyers
You pay the tax when you:
- buy a freehold property
- buy a new or existing leasehold
- buy a property through a shared ownership scheme
- are transferred land or property in exchange for payment, eg you take on a mortgage or buy a share in a house
How much you pay
How much you pay depends on whether the land or property is:
- residential and whether you’re a first-time buyer
- non-residential or mixed-use
You can use HM Revenue and Customs’ (HMRC) Stamp Duty Land Tax calculator to work out how much tax you’ll pay.
You may be able to reduce the amount of tax you pay by claiming relief, such as if you’re a first-time buyer or purchasing more than one property (‘multiple dwellings’).
How and when to pay
You must send an SDLT return to HMRC and pay the tax within 30 days of completion.
If you have a solicitor, agent or conveyancer, they’ll usually file your return and pay the tax on your behalf on the day of completion and add the amount to their fees. They’ll also claim any relief you’re eligible for, such as if you’re a first-time buyer.
SDLT no longer applies in Scotland. Instead you pay Land and Buildings Transaction Tax when you buy a property.
Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) is a tax applied to residential and commercial land and buildings transactions (including commercial purchases and commercial leases) where a chargeable interest is acquired. It was introduced in Scotland on 1 April 2015, replacing Stamp Duty Land Tax. Revenue Scotland administers LBTT with support from Registers of Scotland (RoS). More information can be found on the Scottish government website.