A tenancy agreement is a contract between a landlord and the tenant.
It lets the tenant live in a property as long as you pay rent and follow the rules. It also sets out the legal terms and conditions of your tenancy.
A tenancy can either be:
- fixed-term (running for a set period of time, this would usually be a 12 month period)
- periodic (running on a week-by-week or month-by-month basis)
What should be in a tenancy agreement
A tenancy agreement should include:
- the names of all people involved
- the rental price and how it’s paid
- information on how and when the rent will be reviewed
- the deposit amount and how it will be protected
- details of when the deposit can be fully or partly withheld (for example to repair damage you’ve caused)
- the property address
- the start and end date of the tenancy
- any tenant or landlord obligations
- an outline of bills you’re responsible for
It can also include information on:
- whether the tenancy can be ended early and how this can be done
- who’s responsible for minor repairs (other than those that the landlord is legally responsible for)
- whether the property can be let to someone else (sublet) or have lodgers
Changes to tenancy agreements
Both you and your landlord must agree in order to change the terms of the tenancy agreement.
How to end your tenancy
The tenancy agreement should say how much notice needs to be given to the landlord before the tenant leave the property.
The tenants are responsible for paying rent for the entire fixed-term tenancy. The tenants can move out early without paying rent for the full tenancy if:
- there is a break clause in the tenancy agreement
- the landlord agrees to end the tenancy early
The tenants can also leave if the tenancy is up after giving notice (whether it is fixed-term or not).
Tenants can’t be discriminated against or harassed by the landlord because of:
- sexual orientation
- disability (or because of something connected with disability)
- religion or belief
- being a transgendered person
- being pregnant or having a baby
The tenant might need a guide dog in the house but a term in the tenancy says no pets are allowed. The terms must be changed to allow guide dogs in the property, unless there is a very strong reason not to (for example, if another tenant in the property has a serious allergy to dogs).
Download Free Tenancy Agreement